TM-score and RMSD are known standards for measuring structural similarity between two structures which are
usually used to measure the accuracy of structure modeling when the native structure is known. In case
where the native structure is not known, it becomes necessary to predict the quality of the modeling
prediction, i.e. what is the distance between the predicted model and the native structures? To answer this
question, we tried to calculate the estimated TM-score (eTM-score) and estimated RMSD (eRMSD) of the
predicted models relative the native structures
based on the convergence parameters of the domain assembly simulations, the quality
of the full-length templates for domain assembly, the consistency between the deep learning predicted
inter-domain distances/interfaces and that in the assembled model, and the estimated accuracy of the
individual domain. eTM-score is typically in the range of [0,1], where a eTM-score of higher value signifies
a model with a high confidence and vice-versa.
In a benchmark test set of 356 non-homologous multidoamin proteins, we found that eTM-score and eRMSD are
highly correlated with the actual TM-score and RMSD. Correlation coefficient of eTM-score of the predicted model
with actual TM-score to the native structure is 0.85, while the coefficient of eRMSD with actual RMSD to the
native structure is 0.82. Values reported in Column 2 & 3 are the values of eTM-score and eRMSD, respectively.
(a)The relationship between the actual TM-score and the eTM-Score of the first model generated by DEMO.
(b)The relationship between the actual RMSD and the eRMSD of the first model generated by DEMO.
What is TM-score?
TM-score is a scale for measuring the structural similarity between two structures
(see Zhang and Skolnick, Scoring function for automated assessment of protein structure template quality,
Proteins, 2004 57: 702-710). The purpose of proposing TM-score is to solve the problem of RMSD which
is sensitive to the local error. Because RMSD is an average distance of all residue pairs in two structures,
a local error (e.g. a misorientation of the tail) will araise a big RMSD value although the global topology
is correct. In TM-score, however, the small distance is weighted stronger than the big distance which makes
the score insensitive to the local modeling error. A TM-score >0.5 indicates a model of correct topology and
a TM-score <0.17 means a random similarity. These cutoff does not depends on the protein length.
You are requested to cite following articles when you use the DEMO server:
1) Xiaogen Zhou, Chunxiang Peng, Wei Zheng, Yang Li, Guijun Zhang, and Yang Zhang.
DEMO2: Multidomain protein structures assembly by coupling structural analogous
templates with deep-learning inter-domain restraints, to be submitted.
2) Xiaogen Zhou, Jun Hu, Chengxin Zhang, Guijun Zhang, and Yang Zhang. Assembling multidomain protein
structures through analogous global structural alignments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,
116: 15930-15938 (2019).